The Tanzania Safari Tours article is kindly provided by African Route Adventures & Safaris – our parnter for holidays in Africa 🙂
The Arusha National Park
The Arusha National Park in Tanzania is a small (137 sq km) but beautiful African park, is the closest Tanzanian National Wildlife Park to both the famous “safari town” of Arusha (29 km), as well as the Kilimanjaro International Airport, thus making it ideal for day safaris, even from Moshi (65 km). Not only is the wildlife in the Arusha National Park abundant, but it is also one of the most beautiful and topographically varied game reserves in Tanzania. The African Arusha National Park’s three most significant features include the rugged Mount. Meru (Tanzania’s second highest peak at 4566m), the notably different coloured Momela Lakes, and the 3km wide Ngurdoto Crater, which was formed about fifteen million years ago! The varied and beguiling animals and flora found in this game reserve are mainly determined by the different altitude and geography of these 3 “zones”.
Mount Meru, the fifth highest African mountain forms part of the Arusha National Park, and is a recommended 4-day climb. One of Africa’s most rewarding climbs, offering spectacular scenery, and guaranteed wildlife animals encounters on its forested slopes. The summit cone features a stunning asymmetric caldera complete with an ash cone in the crater. The cone in itself makes a climb to the summit worthwhile. Climbs should be booked in advance, as an armed game reserve ranger of the Arusha National Park must accompany climbers. You are invited to contact us should you require more detailed information on climbing Mt. Meru.
This crater, located inside the Arusha National Park and stretching 3 km’s across, is a steep-sided bowl, surrounded by riverine forest, while the crater floor is a lush swamp. The crater with its many visible animal trials provides a natural sanctuary to many African animals, including elephant, African buffalo, a variety of monkeys and baboons, as well as birds like hamerkop, spur-winged geese and herons. It is however unfortunately prohibited to descend down to the bottom of the crater. To the west of the crater lies Serengeti Ndogo or “Little Serengeti”, consisting of extensive grassland plain and it is one of the few places in the game reserve, where Zebra can be encountered.
The Momela lakes, also located inside the Arusha National Park, are shallow alkaline lakes and are made up of seven lakes, being big Momela, small Momela, El Kekhotoito, Kusare, Rishateni, Lekandiro and Tulusia. All seven lakes are mainly fed by separate underground water sources. Due to the varying mineral content of these underground sources, each lake supports a different type of algae growth, resulting in uniquely differently colored lakes. Because these lakes are alkaline, the water is not utilized by animals for drinking, but they do however attract a wide variety of African bird life, particularly flamingos.
Did You Know ???
The Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania is often referred to as the “Garden of Eden” and with good reason as the Ngorongoro has over 25 000 larger animals making it highest density of animals in one area in Africa.
How the Ngorongoro Crater formed?
The Ngorongoro is an extinct volcano that collapsed in on itself approximately 25 million years ago forming a large superbowl. The Crater is the largest unbroken, unflooded volcanic Caldera in the world. The Ngorongoro Crater is 610 m deep and occupies an area of 260 sq km’s.
The view and game
The views from the top of the crater wall are absolutely breathtaking. As one descends by 4×4 vehicle into the crater one passes through Fever Tree forests that shelter monkeys, bushbuck, waterbuck and a few black rhino. You then head onto the Ngorongoro plain with an abundance of animal life like you will never have seen before. Amongst the animals you will encounter are wildebeest, buffalo, gazelle, zebra, black-maned lion, leopard, hyena, hippo and elephant to name a few. In the Ngorongoro crater centre you will also come across a soda lake that has an abundance or bird life including flamingos. It is one of the top areas for predators to take down there pray.
A trip to the Ngorongoro Crater is a sheer visual delight and a must for any Safari in Tanzania.
Lake Manyara National Park
Lake Manyara National Park is very easy to access: it’s about 180 minutes’ drive from Moshi, Kilimanjaro and barely an hour from the Ngorongoro Crater. Because of this, some of the northern sides of the park can get very busy, especially in the afternoon. To see the park at its best, we recommend that you either stay within the park or spend two nights somewhere close, entering the park early for a full-day safari.
Lake Manyara National Park is the smallest park in Tanzania extending over an area of 330sq km, located north of the Great Rift Valley western escarpment. The park is divided into three parts: the soda lake covering 220sq km, ground water forest and acacia woodland. Although small in size, the diverse habitats in the park provide the perfect environment for wildlife and birdlife, comprising up to 400 species. Famous for its “tree-climbing” lions which can sometimes be spotted in the boughs of acacia trees, it is also home to possibly the highest baboon density of any park in Africa.
Flora and Fauna of Lake Manyara cover about 330km², of which typically two-thirds is underwater, Lake Manyara National Park is a small park by African standards. However, it’s also very beautiful and contains tremendous diversity of habitats, animals and especially birds. You are likely to see buffalo feeding on sedge by the lakeshore, hippos in water pools in the northern fan delta, klipspringers on the escarpment wall, impala and plains game (zebra, giraffe, mongoose and warthog) scattered throughout. The Great Rift Valley escarpment looms on the horizon, forming an impressive backdrop to the lake. It is favoured by water birds, including storks, pelicans, herons, Egyptian geese and vast flocks of flamingos. The park is perfect for bird watchers and an ideal start to your safari.
Lake Manyara’s Fauna
Lake Manyara’s game includes good numbers of elephant, buffalo and wildebeest along with plenty of giraffe. Also prolific in number are zebra, waterbuck, warthog and impala. You may need to search a little harder for the small and relatively shy Kirk’s dik-dik, and klipspringer on the slopes of the escarpment. The broken forests and escarpment make it good country for leopard, whilst Manyara’s healthy lion population are famous for their tree-climbing antics. (Whilst unusual, this isn’t as unique to the park as is often claimed.) Immediately obvious to most visitors are the huge troops of baboons which often number several hundred and are widely regarded as Africa’s largest.
As with the habitats, the birdlife here is exceptionally varied. In the middle of the lake you’ll often see flocks of pelicans and the pink-shading of distant flamingos, whilst the margins and floodplains feed innumerable herons, egrets, stilts, stalks, spoonbills and other waders. With so much water around, the woodlands are equally productive, but it’s the evergreen forests where you’ll spot some more entertaining species such as the noisy silvery-cheeked hornbills, crowned eagles and crested guinea fowl.
Set beneath the spectacular backdrop of the Great Rift Valley’s steep western escarpment, this long, narrow park protects an area between the escarpment and Lake Manyara. The parks namesake is a shallow, alkaline lake which expands and contracts with the seasons within a long, silvery bowl of salt deposits. Adjacent to it are wide, grassy floodplains and, further away, bands of mixed acacia woodlands. Further still, next to the escarpment, are patches of enchanting evergreen forests, which are sustained by perennial groundwater springs issuing from the base of the escarpment.
Serengeti National Park
The Endless plains….. the Vastness…. the scent and the wild voices of nature whispering at you. It’s traveling back in time…Serengeti National Park probably the most famous wildlife refuge in the world. Its eco-system is one of the oldest on earth. The essential features of climate, vegetation and fauna have barely changed in the past million years. Early man himself made an appearance in Olduvai Gorge about two million years ago. Some patterns of life, death, adaptation and migration are as old as the hills themselves. The eco-system extends over a much larger area and includes the Maasai Mara in Kenya and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, linking over 25,000 km2 of land in which animals can move freely. Much of this is nutritious grassland which acts as a magnet for wildebeest, zebra, impala and Thomson’s gazelle.
Serengeti is the oldest and most popular national park, also a world heritage site and recently proclaimed a 7th worldwide wonder, the Serengeti is famed for its annual migration, when some six million hooves pound the open plains, as more than 200,000 zebra and 300,000 Thomson’s gazelle join the wildebeest’s trek for fresh grazing. Yet even when the migration is quiet, the Serengeti offers arguably the most scintillating game-viewing in Africa: great herds of buffalo, smaller groups of elephant and giraffe, and thousands upon thousands of eland, topi, kongoni, impala and Grant’s gazelle. The Serengeti National Park has four separate sections, each with its own unique features and landscapes: the Southern Plains, Seronera (Central), Western Corridor, and Northern Serengeti.
The Southern Plains might be described as the “classic Serengeti” with its flat, open expanses of short grass plains. Just north of the short grass plains lies Seronera, or Central Serengeti, famous for its open plains, kopjes, and resident game, including large numbers of lions, cheetahs, and leopards. Stretching west to Lake Victoria is the Western Corridor, home to the Grumeti and Mbalageti Rivers, which support evergreen riparian forest and dense vegetation. From the Seronera area all the way to Kenya is the Northern Serengeti, an area of gently rolling country dotted with occasional hills and kopjes, broken by small rivers. This is where visitors might be at the right place at the right time to view the migration river crossings of the Mara River, made famous by National Geographic documentaries.
Where is Serengeti and how big is it?
Size: 14,763 sq km (5,700 sq miles). 14% of the country’s land area (size of Northern Ireland) Location: 335km (208 miles) from Arusha, stretching north to Kenya and bordering Lake Victoria to the west.
How to get to Serengeti
Scheduled and charter flights from Arusha, Lake Manyara, Karatu, Moshi and Mwanza. Access by driving from Arusha, Moshi, Lake Manyara, Tarangire or Ngorongoro Crater.
What to do in Serengeti
Game drive for wildlife viewing, Hot air balloon safaris, walking safaris, picnicking, camping, lodging, cultural tourism, visit neighbouring Ngorongoro Crater, Olduvai Gorge, Ol Doinyo Lengai volcano and Lake Natron’s flamingos.
When to go to Serengeti
All year round but if your interest is to follow the wildebeest migration then the best time for this is December-July. And to see predators, June-October.
What game will you see in Serengeti?
There are so many different species in the Serengeti that this list could go on forever. The Serengeti’s main attraction is the Great Migration, consisting of up to 2 million wildebeest, 200,000 zebras and 350,000 Thompson, impala and grant’s gazelles. The predator viewing here is exceptional with approximately 3-4,000 lion and huge numbers of cheetah, leopard and hyena. Other game found in the park include Topi, Eland, Hartebeest, Buffalo, Elephant, Caracal, Serval, Bat-eared fox, Hyrax, Genet, Hares, Porcupine, Aardvark, Giraffe, Jackal, Mongoose, Crocodile, Monitor Lizard, Aardwolf, many kinds of primates including baboons, velvet and Colobus monkeys, and over more than 500 species of birds.
Mountain Kilimanjaro Information
Trekking Conditions . All 6 Routes to the Roof of Africa
There are six established routes to climb Mount Kilimanjaro – Marangu, Machame, Lemosho, Shira, Rongai and Umbwe. The Marangu, Machame, and Umbwe routes all approach from the south of the mountain (Mweka is used only for descent). The Lemosho and Shira routes approach from the west. The Rongai route approaches from the north.
When to climb Kilimanjaro
Weather conditions and temperature on Kilimanjaro varies depending on season and altitude, cold temperatures and precipitation are the main weather concerns while climbing the mountain. The warmer, drier months are the best times to climb Kilimanjaro, climbs during January, February and September are all very good, while climbs in June, July and August are equally as good because it is possible the temperature will be a little cooler. Months to try and avoid climbing the mountain are during the rainy season which fall in the months of March, April, May and November although climbers can still experience rain during the dry season, the weather on the mountain is unpredictable.
Please note that this is a challenging and tough trek, which reaches an altitude of 5895m. It is possible to find this climb very difficult even if you consider yourself to be relatively fit, it mostly depends on how well your body acclimatizes to high altitude.
Ecological Zones of Kilimanjaro
It all begins at the base of the mountain as we embark on our climb, allowing us to pass through lush rain-forests, proceeding through heath, moorland, alpine desert and finally entering the arctic zone.
Climbers need to be prepared for the wide range of temperatures has we pass through all the different zones, especially the extreme cold on entering the arctic zone. Climbers also need to be aware that the forest sections can often be quite slippery, moorland paths can at times be very wet due to poor weather conditions and the final ascent through the arctic zone is almost entirely of scree and loose rock, although it can be tricky there is no technical climbing skills needed.
You’re in good hands!
Once were on the mountain all you need to worry about is enjoying your experience and ascending to the roof of Africa, everything else is taken care of by the experienced staff.
You will have a fully licensed head guide, fully licensed assistant guides, experienced cook and hardworking porters. Food will be fresh, healthy and in abundance making sure that you are getting the right nutrition and energy for your ascent of the mountain. All your needs will be catered for.
Emanuel and Edwin wish to give you the best experience upon the mountain and memories you will never forget. This is accomplished by no corners being cut and with our guaranteed quality of service.
Climbing Kilimanjaro doesn’t need any technical mountaineering skills, although a reasonable degree of fitness would increase your odds of a successful summit, safe climb and most of all an enjoyable experience.
Please note that being physically fit doesn’t guarantee anyone to overcome problems with altitude although it can reduce the impact of your climb on the body. If anyone wishes to train for their climb we recommend that you take part in daily walks that should include uphill and downhill sections, it is also necessary to increase your endurance and confidence levels all of which will play a part in your success.
Traveling to Tanzania. Visa and Vaccination
When traveling to Tanzania most nationalities require a visa, this includes British, most EU, Americans, Canadians and Australians etc. All visas are available at the border, British and most EU are at a cost of €40 cash, whilst for US nationals it will be €81 cash.
Please note that airports and other points of entry to Tanzania may require you to show a certificate of vaccination for Yellow Fever. We recommend you seek medical advice regarding other vaccinations such as Polio, Typhoid, Hepatitis A and Tetanus. Malaria precaution is essential, we suggest you consult your GP on which Malaria tablets to take. It is the responsibility of all travelers to make sure they have passport, visa, vaccinations and suitable insurance in place for this journey.
Safety and Rescue
In our experience there are three primary steps to accomplishing successful acclimatization. Firstly, drink lots of water, we recommend a daily intake of 4-5 liters. Secondly it is sensible to walk slowly, the body needs as little strain as possible whilst adapting to the reduction in oxygen, it is not a race. Thirdly it is within our experience to know that climbing high during the day and sleeping low during the night can achieve greater success of acclimatization.
Our knowledge, training, equipment and personal attention are all designed with your safety in mind. It is probable that most climbers will experience mild altitude sickness despite adequate hydration and a slow ascent, most climbers will recover, for those who experience serious altitude sickness they will be required to descend to a lower altitude with a member of staff in the interest of safety. Please note all symptoms should be reported immediately to our guides, the senior guide will have the final decision on all matters of safety regarding serious altitude sickness.
Thousands of people attempt the summit of the majestic Kilimanjaro every year, on average two or three fatalities occur from acute mountain sickness, this is a result of not undertaking a rapid descent quickly enough. Although all our guides are fully trained in recognizing and dealing with acute altitude sickness there is no guarantees on the mountain with its unpredictable conditions and remoteness.
All head guides are equipped with oxygen and a complete medical kit. Anyone needing to be evacuated will be taken down by stretcher has quickly as possible to the nearest point that the rescue vehicle can access to remove you from the mountain for medical assistance. Your safety is paramount to us, therefore it is imperative that you advise us at the time of your booking of any conditions medical or otherwise that may affect you or others on the trip.
Lake Natron & Ol Doinyo Lengai Volcano
Lake Natron is a soda lake with a large resident population of flamingos. Being on the border of Kenya, just north of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Lake Natron and the active volcano Ol Doinyo L’Engai occupy a surreal landscape, overshadowed by the Rift Valley Escarpment. Lake Natron is a good area to visit authentic Maasai communities, experiencing first-hand the Masai culture. Foot safaris along natural river gorges are another possibility, as there are waterfalls, plunge pools and a natural jacuzzi fed by water coming from the Ngorongoro conservation area.
At the head of the valley lies the active volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania’s only active volcano and the world’s only natrocarbonatite volcano. This unique and amazing geological feature is the most remarkable geological sight Tanzania has to offer, towering over the desolate landscape produced by the ash falling from its constant eruptions; Lengai created – and still creates – the Serengeti Plains, and is the cause of the archaeological fossil layers of Olduvai Gorge!
Oldoinyo Lengai means “mountain of God” in KiMaasai (the language of the Masai tribe), and when you see an eruption under-way (last eruption in 2008/9) you can understand how Oldoinyo Lengai got its name. It is usually possible to climb Oldoinyo Lengai, if the volcano is not erupting too savagely, and although the climb is hard (some might say savage) the views from the top are truly breath-taking.
If you are interested in visiting Lake Natron or Oldoinyo Lengai book your own personal Tanzania safari itinerary with a 5% discount through our Customised tours page.
Lying on the border of Kenya, Lake Natron is the only known breeding ground for East Africa’s millions of lesser flamingos. The best time to see the flamingos is during the breeding months from August to October. The surreal scenery of Lake Natron is great for landscape photography. The lake is not inside any national park, which means that as a visitor it is possible to go on a foot safari with your local guide.
You can take a short hike along a gorge in the rift escarpment to Engaresero Water Falls. There is a natural jacuzzi at the base of the falls where you can bathe, overshadowed by the rocks and epiphytes hanging above. It is also possible to take a dawn stroll out to the edge of Lake Natron and watch the sun come up over the immense landscape.
Ol Doinyo Lengai
The base of Ol Doinyo L’Engai, on the Engaruka Plains, lies at about 800m. The Masai’s ‘Mountain of the Gods’ is the only active carbonate volcano in the world. The steep ascent to the top (currently just under 3000m) requires determination and good fitness levels, but the views alone are more than worth the effort. It is usually possible to stroll over solidified lava flows, and walk among the lava cones belching out sulphuric gases. Ideally the hike begins at 1-3am, and the summit reached as the sun rises – you cannot have too much film for your camera!
The true bushmen of Tanzania
A morning hunt with the Hadzabe Bushmen of Tanzania
Most of baobab trees at Lake Eyasi have big holes inside them that the Hadza use to hide their children during the heavy rains. They are also used for keeping water when rain starts
Staying with the Hadza (the true Bushmen of Africa) is an experience of a lifetime. Just spend few days with them and learn about their way of life.
Lake Eyasi is a soda lake between Serengeti and Tarangire National Parks. It is a superb location for those interested in visiting the Hadzabe and seeing the traditional life of the ‘bushmen’. Their hunter-gathering lifestyle has not changed for 1000 years.
Best time to visit Lake Eyasi: All year except April and May.
How to get to Eyasi: you have to drive.
Safari types available: Walking safaris, food gathering with the local women, hunting with bushmen and traditional weapons
Fit travellers can join the Hadzabe in their traditional hunting with bows and an arrows. Water is carried in Ostrich eggs. For the less athletic you can join the women gathering tubers and seeds.
You can camp at Lake Eyasi or stay in either of 2 Tented camps in the area: KasimaNgeda and Tindiga.
At Lake Eyasi
Lake Eyasi is just over an hour drive south-west of Karatu and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Lake Eyasi is a mildly alkaline lake about 50km long. To the north-east you can see the Crater Highlands and to the north are the plains of the Serengeti. Around 100 years ago when the warlike Masai tribes invaded Ngorongoro and Serengeti, the Datoga and other indigenous bushmen living there were pushed south. Many of these groups made the Lake Eyasi area their home.
Along the shores of the lake are Acacia forests which are home to a high diversity of wildlife including leopard and lion. There are several good quality private campsites which are located in the forest clearings by the lake. Each provides a grassy pitch, shower and toilet facilities constructed mainly from local materials.
Lake Eyasi is a superb place for bird-watchers. Lake Eyasi is well known for the Hadzabe bushmen and you can accompany them on a traditional hunt. The Hadzabe are the last of the true hunter-gatherers. They use an ancient ‘click’ tongue language and live by collecting berries and roots and hunting the small game that is still present in the area. Accompanying a hunt is an exhilarating insight into our ancient ancestors struggle for survival.
Lake Eyasi’s principal source of water is the Sibiti River, which enters the southwestern end. The river may continue to flow all year round in wetter years and all the other inflows disappear in the dry season. Seasonal variations in the lake are large even though the northwestern shore is constrained by the Serengeti Plateau. During the dry season the lake can almost entirely disappear. The lake is also a seasonal stop for migrating flamingos.
The article is kindly provided by African Route Adventures & Safaris – our parnter for holidays in Africa 🙂
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